Posters & Presentations
The Verhulst-group is embeded in the Laboratory of Entomology, Plant Sciences Group, Wageningen University. Our work is in the field of evolutionary developmental biology with a focus on the evolution of sex determination and differentiation in insects. In addition, the PI collaborates on biocontrol focused projects.
The appearance of both sexes from the same species is often highly diverse; sometimes it is even hard to tell whether a male and a female belong to the same species at all! Insects are one notable class of organisms that showcase extreme differences between sexes, called sexual dimorphism. In addition to their diverse appearances, insects also have an astounding diversity in their molecular pathway that determines the sex during early development, the sex determination cascade. This variation is unexpected as the net result is always the same: male or female development.
All insects studied have the same gene, called
, that regulates their sexual development and morphology.
is a transcription factor and responsible for regulating all the different sexually dimorphic traits that can be observed in nature. However, we still have limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie the huge dimorphic differences that we can see in insects. Do genes come and go, or do all insects have more or less the same set of genes and is there a difference in the regulation of these genes?
Over 40 years ago, King and Wilson reported that enormous differences in phenotype and behaviour are often not due to differences in protein sequence. They discovered that the evolution of gene regulation is a key player in adaptation and speciation. We have now gained first insights into this regulatory evolution and its players, but we are a long way from having a comprehensive understanding of the relation between transcription factor protein evolution and the continuously changing genetic architecture of their binding sites that regulate target gene expression.
In our research we aim to get a deeper understanding of the way evolution shapes molecular pathways that result in a bewildering biodiversity. Our main research interests are:
unraveling the evolution of
sex determination cascades,
an important developmental pathway; to understand the enormous diversity in sex determining mechanisms throughout the animal kingdom.
the interaction of
with its target genes,
the highly conserved transcription factor at the bottom of the cascade, to understand how this ultimately result in rapid evolution of sexual dimorphic traits.
understanding challenges in polyploid evolution,
by comparing a decade-old polyploid
line with newly created polyploid lines by clever use of sex determination mutants.
In addition, we are involved in the fundamentals of using parasitoid wasps in biological control and integrated pest management.
We are happy to have funding from:
NWO Open Competition Domain Science – KLEIN-2
NWO VIDI personal grant
5 October 2021
Yidong Wang will defend his thesis entitled: "Controlling sex - evolution of sex determination, sexual
differentiation and endosymbiont-induced asexual reproduction in three parasitoid wasps" at 11h in the aula at WUR
9 September 2021
Aidan will present his work on the
regulation of pheromone communication and odour-guided behaviour in
wasps at the International Society of Chemical Ecology 2021 conference
9 August 2021
Our review on the development and evolution of a sexually-dimorphic antennal lobe has been submitted to Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
3 August 2021
Our paper describing the
is published in PLoS Genetics
14 July 2021
Our paper describing the role of heritable endosymbionts in aphids is submitted for the special issue
‘Evolution in Agricultural Systems’ in Evolutionary Applications.
8 July 2021
Jimmie Zeelenberg succesfully defends his BSc thesis
21 Juni 2021
Yidong submits his thesis to the reading committee!
26-28 Mei 2021
Eveline gives a selected presentation at the NWO Life 2021
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Last updated: 18 Feb., 2020
Posters & Presentations